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2 edition of Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties found in the catalog.

Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties

Francis M. Bond

Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties

by Francis M. Bond

  • 317 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Railroad ties.,
  • Wood -- Preservation.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Francis M. Bond.
    SeriesForest products laboratory series, Bulletin / U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Forest Service -- 126, Bulletin (United States. Forest Service) -- 126.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSD11 .A2 no. 126
    The Physical Object
    Pagination92 p., 7 leaves of plates (some folded) :
    Number of Pages92
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22997751M
    LC Control Number13000534

    Treatment in a pressure cylinder (see Figure 1 for a typical facility) is the preferred commercial approach for treating wood. Pressure-treating processes include full-cell and modified full-cell processes. (The empty-cell process is used only for treatment with oilborne preservatives.) The full-cell process is used to obtain maximum CCA retention. Red Oak. Uses: The wood of the red oak is largely cut into lumber, railroad crossties, and veneer. It is remanufactured into flooring, furniture, general millwork, boxes, pallets, and crates, agricultural implements, caskets, woodenware, handles, and railroad cars and boats. Description: The sapwood is nearly white and usually 1 to 2 inches thick.

    Varieties of Red Maples. While red maples (Acer rubrum) are more prominent in the eastern United States, they can be found in nearly every state and are common to deciduous forests and landscapes. Red Maple is a deciduous tree that can be 50 to 60 feet tall at maturity. It is wide ranging, and native throughout the eastern half of the United States. Red maple can be used for syrup production. However, it tends to bud and flower very early in the season, which has a negative effect [ ].

    horizons. Each treatment was replicated four times so that there were 48 experimental units. The red maple plants were genetically identical budded nursery stock of the cultivar 'October CLory.' They were closely matched in size with a height of about 62 crn and a diameter of about 1 ern at the root collar. Treatment pots of liter Clay. Except where otherwise provided in this chapter, wood articles cover such articles whether or not they have been subjected to anti-stain or other temporary applications or treatment with creosote or other wood preservatives or with fillers, sealers, waxes, oils, stains, varnishes, paints or enamels. (c).


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Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties by Francis M. Bond Download PDF EPUB FB2

Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-oak and Hard-maple Crossties, Volumes Issue of Bulletin (United States. Forest Service), United States Forest Service Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-oak and Hard-maple Crossties, Francis M.

Bond Forest Products Laboratory Series. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bond, Francis M. Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Download Crossties full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Crossties full free pdf books. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Experiments in the preservative treatment of red-oak and hard-maple crossties / By Francis M.

Bond. Abstract. Mode of access: Internet Topics: Wood, Railroad ties. Publisher: Washington, D.C Author: Francis M. Bond. Creosote is a category of carbonaceous chemicals formed by the distillation of various tars and pyrolysis of plant-derived material, such as wood or fossil fuel.

They are typically used as preservatives or antiseptics. Some creosote types were used historically as a treatment for components of seagoing and outdoor wood structures to prevent rot (e.g., bridgework and railroad ties, see image). This study was designed to determine if steam heating and subsequent preservative treatment had any effect on the compressive strength perpendicular to grain of two hardwoods, red oak (Quercus rubra), and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.).

Additionally, the impact of steaming and treatment on red oak samples in bending was determined. Zen and the Art of Guitar - A Path to Guitar Artistry, Book & CD, Jeff Peretz Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-Oak and Hard-Maple Crossties (), Francis M.

Bond TITLE NOT SUPPLIED Principles of Management Accounting - Bundle, Oupsa. Red oak 0 White oak 0 a Creosote, CuNap = cooper naphthenate, TimBor = borate b Average AWPA rating (10 = no deterioration, 0 = failure) The inoculated decay fungi did become established in the ties not pre-treated with borate.

Most of the borate-creosote or borate-copper naphthenate ties, and some of the red oak and. A study was designed to examine the practical effects on bending and compression perpendicular to the grain of heating and treatment with preservative agents. Red oak and sweetgum were steamed to.

Effect of accelerated weathering on discoloration and roughness of finished ash wood surfaces in comparison with red oak and hard maple Article in Progress in Organic Coatings 71(4) On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1, Hard maple ranks 1, while red oak ranks 1, Poplar ranks on the low end of the scale.

Grain patterns also indicate the wood's hardness. Highlights Weathering behavior of ash, red oak, and hard maple wood was studied. Samples were treated with several coats of satin and high gloss polyurethane. Samples were exposed to artificial weathering cycles with water and without water.

Both UV light and water spray applications, ash wood showed similarly to maple. Only UV light application, ash wood displayed a higher level of. Performance of Western Softwood Species as Crossties in Mainline Railroad Track (Miller and Houghton for AWPA ) Boultonizing Process () Proceedings of the 65th AWPA Meeting (Denver, April ) The Vapor Drying Process (Hudson, patent filed ) Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-Oak and Hard-Maple Crossties (Bond ).

michael rosen s sad book; model systems and the neurobiology of associative learning; teaching number in the classroom with 4 8 year olds; billionaire raj; the naked truth; experiments in the preservative treatment of red oak and hard maple crossties; easiest book of piano classics; encyclopaedia of religion and ethics mundas phrygians; the new.

To develop preservative treatment recommendations and identify compatible preservative systems for use with E-glass/phenolic composite reinforcement in pre- and post-treatment applications appropriate for the preservative/pressure treatment used by the wood-lamination industry.

Preservative treatments. Ties, mine timbers, and fence posts require preservative treatment for satisfactory service. Red oak lumber is remanufactured into flooring, furniture, general millwork, boxes, pallets and crates, agricultural implements, caskets, wooden ware, and handles. It is also used in railroad cars and boats.

Conference on Wood Protection with Diffusible Preservatives. Proceedings #Forest Products Society, Madison, WI. (ISBN ). Amburgey, T. L., J. Watt, and M. Sanders. Extending the service life of wooden crossties by using pre- and supplemental preservative treat-ments.

year exposure report. Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Francis Bond books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience.

Experiments in the Preservative Treatment of Red-Oak and Hard-Maple Crossties () Francis M Bond. 29 Jun Paperback.

US$ Add to basket. USS Ciaro: a historic preservation case study. Use of diffusible preservatives for the in-place remedial treatment of crossties. Future of diffusible preservative and pesticide systems.

Treatment of southern pine lumber with thickened boron. Diffusion of boron from fused boron rods through southern pine, Douglas-fir, red oak, and white oak. Pros & Cons of Red Maple Trees. One of the most abundant trees in America's forests, red maple (Acer rubrum) makes a statement in the garden with its .Bond, F.

M. Experiments in the preservative treatment of red oak and hard ies. op 12?. Thickens, T. H. The grinding of spruce for mechanical pilip.

op BULLETINS OF THE DART1VLENT OF AGRICULTURE 4. Sampson, A. W. The reseeding of depleted grazing lands to cultivated forage plants. op 9. Shini, C. H.Preservative food additives can be used alone or in conjunction with other methods of food preservation.

Preservatives may be anti-microbial preservatives, which inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi, or antioxidants such as oxygen absorbers, which inhibit the oxidation of food constituents. Common.